Electronic voting also known as e voting is the type of vote were the election data is stored, recorded and primarily processed as digital information. This electronic vote systems have been used since 1960. E voting in USA was first used in 1964 when 7 counties had change to this method for the presidential election. E voting refers to computerized vote machines which uses for voting electronic ballots instead of paper ballots. Nowadays electronic voting is also used in other countries like: Brazil, Norway, Germany, Venezuela, India, Canada, Belgium, Romania, Australia, UK, Italy, Ireland, European Union and France.
An Electronic voting machine is an electronic machine which voters use to register their votes. All votes are record and counted electronically. This voting machines have their security technologies which are the following: Smart cards, Firewalls, Antiviral software and Cryptography such as digital signatures and certificates, encryption, etc.
There are three types of Electronic voting in USA which can be identified as: Paper based E vote system, Direct recording electronic system and Internet Voting. The Paper based E vote system has a touchscreen added for the voter’s used. This system will print a hardcopy of the ballot once the voter is done. This ballot needs to be passed out the election officer so it can be counted. The Direct recording electronic system has a touchscreen with digital swipe card buttons which will be used in order to make the choices. All votes are stored in a physical memory device which are sent to a special voting station for their results. Lastly Internet voting is the type of vote that is done in remote locations. This type of voting service is not supervised by governmental representatives. The most common devices to used for this type of vote are: Personal computer, Television via Internet also known as i-voting and mobile phone.
Nowadays all states on the U.S use Electronic voting because it provides less cost, improve accessibility for voters with disabilities, faster results, greater accuracy and low risk of mechanical and human errors.